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Title: Emergence of Carbapenemase-Producing Escherichia coli Isolated from Companion Animals in Algeria
Authors: Yousfi, Massilia
Touati, Abdelaziz
Mairi, Assia
Brasme, Lucien
Gharout-Sait, Alima
Guillard, Thomas
De Champs, Christophe
Keywords: The emergence
companion animals
Issue Date: 6-Jun-2016
Publisher: Université de Bouira
Citation: Microbial Drug Resistance;Vol. 22
Abstract: The emergence and worldwide spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is of great concern to public health. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli in companion animals in Algeria. Two hundred fecal samples were obtained from healthy and diseased dogs and cats in one veterinary office and private owners in Bejaia city, Algeria, during November 2014 to March 2015. Isolates were screened by polymerase chain reaction for the presence of carbapenemase, acquired plasmidic AmpC (pAmpC) and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase genes. Five carbapenemase-producing E. coli isolates were detected including four OXA-48-producing isolates and one isolate producing NDM-5. Coexpression of ESBL and pAmpC genes was observed in these isolates. Phylogenetic grouping revealed that these isolates belonged to A and D phylogroups. The results of this study show that carbapenemase-producing E. coli spread to the companion animals in Algeria.
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