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Title: Optimization of Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Polyphenols from< i> Myrtus communis</i> L. Leaves
Authors: Dahmoune, Farid
Balunkeswar, Nayak
Moussi, Kamal
Remini, Hocine
Madani, Khodir
Keywords: Myrtus leaves,Microwave extraction,Ultrasound extraction,Phenolic compounds,Antioxidant activity,Response surface method
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Publisher: Université de Bouira
Citation: Food Chemistry 166, Elsevier
Abstract: Phytochemicals, such as phenolic compounds, are of great interest due to their health-benefitting antioxidant properties and possible protection against inflammation, cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. Maximum retention of these phytochemicals during extraction requires optimised process parameter conditions. A microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) method was investigated for extraction of total phenolics from Myrtus communis leaves. The total phenolic capacity (TPC) of leaf extracts at optimised MAE conditions was compared with ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and conventional solvent extraction (CSE). The influence of extraction parameters including ethanol concentration, microwave power, irradiation time and solvent-to-solid ratio on the extraction of TPC was modeled by using a second-order regression equation. The optimal MAE conditions were 42% ethanol concentration, 500W microwave power, 62 s irradiation time and 32 mL/g solvent to material ratio. Ethanol concentration and liquid-to-solid ratio were the significant parameters for the extraction process (p < 0.01). Under the MAE optimised conditions, the recovery of TPC was 162.49 ± 16.95 mg gallic acid equivalent/g dry weight (DW), approximating the predicted content (166.13 mg GAE/g DW). When bioactive phytochemicals extracted from Myrtus leaves using MAE compared with UAE and CSE, it was also observed that tannins (32.65 ± 0.01 mg/g), total flavonoids (5.02 ± 0.05 mg QE/g) and antioxidant activities (38.20 ± 1.08 lg GAE/mL) in MAE extracts were higher than the other two extracts. These findings further illustrate that extraction of bioactive phytochemicals from plant materials using MAE method consumes less extraction solvent and saves time.
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